A whole new way to experience Lancaster!

From the saddle of a bike.

Separated Bike Lane

Designed for safer bicycle travel, separated bike lanes are segregated from motor vehicle traffic either by a painted buffer or a vertical element such as flexible delineators or parked cars. Separated bike lanes are often used as a road diet, narrowing travel lanes, and slowing vehicle speeds. Separated bike lanes are recommended on streets with higher traffic volume and speed, where the separation between motorists and bicyclists is necessary. The space taken up by a separated bike lane also allows for shorter pedestrian crossing distances.

Not only do separated bike lanes reduce the risk to cyclists of crashes and colliding with opening car doors, they also play a role in organizing all modes of travel; whereas pedestrians, cyclists, and drivers all know where they should be. Remember, even in a protected bike lane, as a cyclist you need to use care when approaching an intersection.

The risk of cars and bikes coming into conflict with one another is reduced as boundaries are clearly defined on the road. By design, this bicycle facility is more accessible, allowing less confident riders to feel more comfortable, resulting in increased ridership demographics that cross age, gender and ability. These improvements not only reduce traffic congestion and increase safety, but also encourage independent lifestyles and improved personal health.

Street Signs

Paying tribute to ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, street signs use symbols and images to convey a message that overcomes language barriers. Symbols are so effective at providing instant communication with roadway users that it’s becoming the standard for traffic control devices (TCD) around the world.

The shape and color of a sign is determined by what information it wants to convey. For example, you might encounter a No Parking sign that has a white background with a red circle and cross over the letter P. The predominant colors in this sign are white and red, which are categorized as regulatory, meaning that the sign is trying to issue a command to maintain order and safety on the roadway.

For bicyclists and pedestrians, signs will be placed to accommodate these modes of travel. The Yield Here to Pedestrians and Bike Lane / Wrong Way for Bikes are yet another example of regulatory signs in action.

If you are interested to learn more about the street signs, the Manual on Uniform traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) is a great resource to learn the meanings behind the color and shape of a particular sign. You can visit the MUTCD webpage here.

Sourced from the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.

Daylighting

Daylighting is a design practice that improves sight lines by opening space around an intersection. By design, 20 to 25 feet if open space is available, allowing for the opportunity to install bicycle parking, curb extensions and bioswales to be used that further diversify the area. This available space correlates with city regulations. Section 285-15B of the Code of Ordinances states that, No vehicle shall be parked within 20 feet from any crosswalk at a street intersection”. In Lancaster, Daylighted areas can be identified by paint or vertical elements known as delineators.

Daylighting also shortens crossing distances and allows pedestrians to have a protected space to wait before crossing an intersection. As a result, designers use this countermeasure to reduce incidents at conflict points, to ensure that sightlines are adequate, and movements are predictable. An additional reinforcement to daylighting is that there is sufficient lighting at a given intersection. Major intersections and pedestrian islands should be well lit, so that all who are using the street have the capability of seeing one another.

References for Bike Facilities: Daylighting

National Association of Transportation Officials, “Visibility/Sight Distance”

City of Lancaster, PA City Code 285 “Vehicles and Traffic”

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